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Urban Milwaukee - 4/16/2024

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Mayor Backs Boulevard To Replace I-794 Downtown

-By Jeramey Jannene

Mayor Cavalier Johnson has made his position clear on the proposal to rebuild Interstate 794 through Downtown. He would like to see some portion of the east-west elevated freeway converted to a boulevard, creating a more vibrant city.

“I support a reconfiguration of Interstate 794 in downtown Milwaukee,” said Johnson during his inauguration speech Tuesday morning at City Hall. “It offers a chance to maximize growth and maximize investment while keeping transportation connectivity here in the city.”

OnMilwaukee - 4/9/2024

John Everitt has produced a catalog of ideas for how the land that sits beneath and adjacent to the current I-794 freeway spur Downtown could be reimagined

Swing bridge plan designer shares vision for 794 corridor

-By Bobby Tanzilo

Milwaukee says it wants - and it definitely needs - big ideas. And few are proposing bigger and more exciting ideas than architectural designer John Everitt.

Last year, Everitt – who graduated from UWM's School of Architecture and Urban Planning in 2022 and has worked for Bray Architects – shared a plan for the old railroad swing bridge that sits idle in the Milwaukee River.

Now, with the support of Greg Walthers, he has produced an impressive catalog of ideas for how the land that sits beneath and adjacent to the current I-794 freeway spur Downtown could be reimagined.

John Everitt has produced an impressive catalog of ideas for how the land that sits beneath and adjacent to the current I-794 freeway spur Downtown could be reimagined.

John Everitt

John Everitt

Milwaukee Business Journal - 3/15/2024


Opinion: I-794 removal chance to reshape downtown Milwaukee

-By Larry Witzling

In the next 30 years, boomers will be gone, millennials will be grandparents, and an unborn generation will inherit our downtown.

Will anyone remember Interstate 794 or the Park East freeway in 30 years? Will a new boulevard become a spectacular promenade from the river to Lake Michigan? Will the streets feel safer with less stress for pedestrians? Will anyone miss their old driving routes?  

The next three decades gives us opportunities to replace ten blocks of I-794 and reshape downtown in all four directions. Such transformations, however, are not “no-brainers”.


As a planner in Milwaukee for 50 years, I believe replacing I-794 can give us a nationally acclaimed downtown. We can mitigate negative impacts for commuters, make a better journey-to-work, develop high value places to live, and grow business opportunities. 

Urban Milwaukee - 1/31/2024



No, I-794 Won’t Be Eliminated

-By Bruce Murphy 

Many seem to think state proposal will tear down Hoan Bridge. Nope. Will that change the views of detractors?

The headlines gave many people in Milwaukee the idea that I-794 and its iconic Hoan Bridge were going to be torn down.

“Two plans to remove I-794,” declared the Journal Sentinel; “proposal to tear down I-794,” the Business Journal warned; “Prospects for Removing I-794,” Milwaukee Magazine announced; “weigh in on I-794 replacement or removal” offered the Biz Times; and whoops, even Urban Milwaukee had a story about “Potential I-794 Removal.”

Urban Milwaukee - 1/24/2024


WisDOT Getting Closer to I-794 Project Recommendations

-By Graham Kilmer

Seeking 'most feasible' ways to tear down 1 mile (or less) stretch of downtown freeway.

If the Wisconsin Department of Transportation (WisDOT) took down a one-mile stretch of  Interstate 794 in downtown Milwaukee, what would it look like? Based on recent comments made by project managers from WisDOT and the engineering consultant HNTB, they have some idea.

WisDOT has two preliminary design concepts for potential removal of the portion of I-794 running through Downtown. A project consultant noted that one of these concepts appears the “most feasible” of the two during a presentation to the Milwaukee County Board’s Committee on Transportation and Transit Tuesday.

 The Recombobulation Area - 12/21/2023


'The status quo is unacceptable': On potential freeway removal projects in Milwaukee, Johnson and Crowley want change | The Recombobulation Area


From The Recombobulation Area’s extended interview with the mayor and county executive.

One of the biggest topics in the news this year in Milwaukee is that of freeway removal. In particular, the discussion surrounding the potential removal of I-794, between the Marquette Interchange and the lakefront, took center stage. 

And that’s not even the only potential freeway removal project being discussed in the city right now. The potential reimagining of the Stadium Freeway, something we’ve advocated for here at The Recombobulation Area for years, is also advancing forward, with potential designs and renderings set to be released early next year. 

Mayor Johnson and County Executive Crowley have been vocal supporters of the effort to reimagine the Stadium Freeway, and continue to express serious interest in converting the two-mile stretch of freeway at state highway 175 to a boulevard. 

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel - 12/7/23


I-794 removal would increase this street's traffic. What would happen with the busy Clybourn Street bridge?

-By Tom Daykin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Freeway removal supporters say the streets can handle the change, which would open 15 to 18 acres for commercial development − and tear down a barrier between downtown, the lakefront and the Third Ward.

But, a fixed bridge creating a new barrier between downtown and the Third Ward wouldn't be a good solution, said Taylor Korslin, a representative of Rethink I-794, which supports removing the freeway.

Instead, officials should focus on when the bulk of bridge lifts occur − during summer afternoons when tour boats do much of their business, Korslin said.

Special to Milwaukee Journal Sentinel - 11/16/23

7 reasons why removing I-794 would be a boon for downtown Milwaukee | Opinion

-By Taylor Korslin,  a Milwaukee architect and volunteer with Rethink 794, a group advocating for the removal of the elevated highway.

It’s time to think boldly about what Milwaukee should look like decades to come. The removal of 794 will be a resounding success for downtown.

 Here are 7 reasons why 794 should come down:

  1. 794 wouldn't be built today. People want to stay downtown.

  2. The current interstate is overbuilt and underutilized

  3. The ugly elevated highway needlessly divides downtown

  4. Removing interstate makes traffic simpler and safer

  5. Plenty of options exist for vehicles to get around city

  6. Removing 794 will help save and generate tax dollars

  7. This is generational opportunity to enhance Milwaukee

Spectrum News 1 - 10/30/23


In Focus: Reporter Tom Daykin recaps coverage of I-794 debate.

- By Pete Zervakis

Tom Daykin is a business reporter at the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 

Watch the Video.

Removal draws heavy support - 11/8/23


Between I-794 demolition and preservation parties in public comments emerged a third option: Bury it.

- By Sean Ryan – Reporter, Milwaukee Business Journal

Between the uncompromising certainty of the “tear it down” crowd and the often snarky incredulity of the smaller status quo group emerged a few voices with a new idea for Interstate 794: Bury it.

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel - 10/9/23


Replacing I-794 with at-grade streets to be among the project alternatives in 2024


-By Tom Daykin

Replacing much of Interstate 794 with at-grade streets will continue to be among the freeway project alternatives when proposals are narrowed in early 2024.

That's according to a Monday presentation on the $300 million project by the Wisconsin Department of Transportation. Officials from WisDOT and HNTB, the department's project consultant, spoke at an Intergovernmental Cooperation Council meeting.

Milwaukee Record - 08/31/23

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It’s the Local Debate Topic du jour. When we’re not arguing about the streetcar for the 800 gajillionth time, the hot new discussion is the proposed removal of the lakefront spur of this freeway, between the Hoan Bridge and the Marquette Interchange. One way or another, Milwaukee’s insatiable lust to have grating conversations about complicated downtown infrastructure projects must be satisfied.

It is kind of a confusing potential project, though, since most people associate 794 with the Hoan Bridge. But the Hoan Bridge is not part of the proposed teardown. I repeat: The Hoan Bridge is not part of the push to tear down 794. But that confusion only adds to the ubiquity of the argument.

Milwaukee Magazine - 08/23/23

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The fix-or-farewell debate over I-794 could help reshape the future of Downtown Milwaukee, but the debate itself is shaped largely by the history of southeastern Wisconsin freeways.

It’s a history in which transportation decisions have been tangled with politics, urbanism, regional rivalries and racial divisions. Some of those factors already have surfaced in I-794 discussions.

The east-west segment of I-794, one of the last freeways built in Milwaukee County, is nearly half a century old, leading the Wisconsin Department of Transportation to consider whether it should be rebuilt or replaced.

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Urban Milwaukee - 08/11/2023

As soon as he was first elected to the position of Milwaukee’s Mayor in 1988, John Norquist began considering an effort to remove the one-mile long Park East freeway spur. On those occasions when the idea was floated it got opposition. A 1994 Milwaukee Sentinel article co-written by Tom Daykin warned that the Park East spur “plays a valuable role in moving cars and trucks through the city’s heart, transportation planners say…Vehicles that now use the Park East would be forced onto city streets not built to handle as much volume as the freeway.” 

But in April 1999, Norquist got Republican Gov. Tommy Thompson and Milwaukee County Executive Tom Ament to agree to a transportation plan that included removing rather than reconstructing the freeway spur as the Wisconsin Department of Transportation (WisDOT) had planned.

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Spectrum News 1 - 07/17/2023

MILWAUKEE — A meeting held at Marquette University Monday explored the future of I-794, which runs through downtown Milwaukee from the Marquette Interchange to the lakefront.

The Wisconsin Department of Transportation said the aging bridges need extensive repair in the coming years; there has been significant discussion from transportation advocacy groups and the City of Milwaukee about the potential of tearing down the highway and creating a boulevard-style roadway in its place.

Monday’s meeting drew a variety of people interested in learning more about the potential reconstruction, including business leaders and city government officials.

CBS 58 News - 07/17/2023

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The future of the I-794 Lake Interchange corridor running through the heart of Milwaukee continues to be a discussion, with one group calling for it to be replaced with a ground-level boulevard.

Rethink 794 is a community-driven project led by the 1000 Friends of Wisconsin, an organization created in 1996 with a focus on promoting Wisconsin's Smart Growth Comprehensive Planning Law. The group says tearing down the infrastructure and replacing it with a boulevard would open up roughly 32.5 acres of real estate and reconnect Milwaukee's downtown, Third Ward and lakefront.

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Interstate 794 could be demolished to address aging infrastructure and replaced with new businesses and public space, according to Milwaukee's downtown comprehensive plan.

Tearing down the interstate between the Milwaukee River and Hoan Bridge could connect downtown and the Third Ward with the lakeshore, and activate space previously used by roadways for business development and greenspace. Boulevard conversion could generate $15 million in annual property tax revenue for the City of Milwaukee, and add needed housing in a high demand area, says a Madison-based advocacy group, 1,000 Friends of Wisconsin, which has endorsed the project.


Interstate 794's barrier between downtown Milwaukee's east side, the lakefront and the Historic Third Ward should be reimagined, with a focus on planning its eventual replacement with at-grade streets, according to a new city proposal.

Both are part of Milwaukee's new downtown comprehensive plan, proposed by Mayor Cavalier Johnson's Department of City Development. That plan, last updated in 2010, includes such goals as growing downtown’s population; investing in parks and other gathering spaces; expanding and enhancing transit; reconnecting places divided by barriers; improving streets to support all users, and redesigning streets as public places.


The city's plan calls for a focus on eventually removing I-794. It also says that if removal is not feasible "any interim alternative should prioritize modernization of the infrastructure to reduce the footprint, activation of the public spaces and streets under the bridges, improvements to the ramp connections, and increase safety for pedestrian crossings."


Interstate 794 should eventually be torn down and replaced with new private developments, surface level streets and public spaces, according to the city of Milwaukee’s proposed long-range downtown plan.

That draft downtown plan could make the city a significant force in the growing push to remove I-794’s east-west bridges between the Milwaukee River and lakefront. Mayor Cavalier Johnson and his administration have been enthusiastic about the possibility of removing the interstate bridges. It is now encouraged in the draft Connecting MKE plan that sets initiatives and investments for the downtown area for the next 17 years.

“It’s important as a part of this plan to not shy away from things that might be difficult or that are going to garner some raised eyebrows,” Lafayette Crump, commissioner of the Milwaukee Department of City Development, said of the idea's inclusion in the draft downtown plan. “It’s important to put a stake in the ground here that this is something that must be evaluated,” Crump added.

ONMILWAUKEE - 04/26/2023

The Department of City Development has released a draft of its Connec+ing MKE plan for Downtown and it includes some ambitious ideas.

From future use of the Milwaukee Public Museum and State Office Building sites in Westown, to four route extensions of The Hop (Westown, Bronzeville, Walker’s Point, East Side), to development of the site of the Marcus Center parking structure, to the removal of I-794 through Downtown, the report outlines some potentially game-changing steps forward for the city.

The I-794 Lake Interchange cuts through the heart of Downtown Milwaukee and serves as a barrier between the East Town neighborhood, the Historic Third Ward, and the Lakefront – three of the region’s most desirable areas. The location and design of this freeway spur is in conflict with the overarching goal of a Connected Downtown and should be reimagined, with a focus on planning for an eventual full removal of the I-794 Lake Interchange and replacement with a traditional connected grid of comfortable multi-modal streets, public spaces, and high-density mixed-use development.

URBAN MILWAUKEE - 04/26/2023

The Department of City Development is ready to get to work on advancing a new shared vision for downtown Milwaukee. It has seven catalytic projects it’s focused on as part of a new downtown plan, Connec+ing MKE Downtown Plan 2040.

  • Re-envisioning the east-west portion of Interstate 794 to replace it with a boulevard or narrow its footprint

  • High-density redevelopment of the Milwaukee Public Museum site

  • Extending the streetcar system in three directions – south Walker’s Point, north to Fiserv Forum–Bronzeville and northeast to the Lower East Side

  • Rebuilding N. 6th Street as a complete street for all users

  • Reconfiguring N. Water St. to prioritize mass transit and pedestrians while creating more sidewalk space

  • Redeveloping the Marcus Performing Arts Center parking structure with high-density development

  • Creating a public space management organization to fund, program and maintain downtown parks and plazas.

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NBC TMJ4 - 04/26/2023

The face of downtown Milwaukee could look completely different under Milwaukee's draft long-range plan. The plan includes plans to tear down I-794's east-west bridges.

Mayor Cavalier Johnson and his administration have been enthusiastic about removing the bridges...That proposal is now in the draft Connecting MKE Plan which sets investments and initiatives for the city over the next 17 years.

The plan was released Wednesday and specifically calls for the full removal of I-794 and replacing it with surface streets. If that's not possible, the plan says the interstate should be rebuilt smaller, with more use of the land underneath the bridges as well as more pedestrian safety efforts and ramp connections.

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FAST COMPANY - 02/03/2023

Peter Park, Milwaukee’s former planning director and a longtime proponent of tearing down I-794, said the Inflation Reduction Act and other available federal funds present an opportunity for cities, including Milwaukee, to move further away from a polluting and costly highway system that burdens local, state, and federal systems, toward a healthier and more economically sustainable approach.

“It’s the difference between spending public money on things that cost more to maintain in the future and realizing that those things are not necessary anymore,” said Park. “We need to think about the long-term benefits rather than the short-term inconvenience of traffic congestion.”

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URBAN MILWAUKEE - 01/25/2023

Livable cities organization the Congress for the New Urbanism (CNU) will name Interstate 794 in downtown Milwaukee as one of its 10 “Freeways Without Futures” in an upcoming report.

The nomination comes as a result of a campaign by the Rethink 794 coalition to replace the east-west portion of the elevated freeway between Downtown and the Historic Third Ward with a boulevard. The organization is asking the Wisconsin Department of Transportation (WisDOT) to formally study a boulevard replacement between N. Lincoln Memorial Dr. and N. 6th St.

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Milwaukee Mayor Cavalier Johnson on Monday is expressing openness to demolishing I-794 on downtown's southern edge, a step some environmentalists and urbanists have been advocating.


In doing so, he evoked the development that has taken place on the empty lots left behind when Milwaukee's Park East Freeway was replaced with surface streets 20 years ago.

"How do you look at Park East being gone and what's there presently ― the Deer District, Fiserv Forum, a hotel going up right now, other development that's going to happen down the line ― and not think, what if?" Johnson said Monday during a meeting of the Greater Milwaukee Committee. "I'm certainly interested in having the conversation to see what the possibilities are," he said.



A member of Rethink 794 joins The Morning Show with Lee Rayburn to discuss a proposal to dismantle portions of I-794 and promote walkable and bikeable communities.

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FOX 6 NEWS - 10/25/2022

The Grassroot organization Rethink I-794 proposes turning a portion of I-794 into a boulevard that will connect downtown Milwaukee and the Historic Third Ward...Business leaders in the Third Ward said they are eager for more information.

The coalition is pushing for a formal study of their proposal. FOX6 News reached out to the mayor’s office for his take on their suggestions. A spokesman said the mayor is very open to rethinking I-794 and wants more people to consider roadways for more than cars and look into how they affect bicyclists, pedestrians, businesses and nearby residents.

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Some Milwaukee business and community leaders are open to the push by a small but vocal group of local planners and residents advocating for demolition of downtown’s Interstate 794 bridges to be replaced by a boulevard and new development, which could include offices, apartments or green space.

The Milwaukee Business Journal asked a group of business and community leaders if they supported the effort to remove the east-west I-794 highway bridges roughly from Sixth Street to Lincoln Memorial Drive to make way for a boulevard and additional development. You can read some of their responses below.

NBC TMJ4 - 10/19/2022

NBC TMJ4 - 10/19/2022

Watch Now
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CBS 58 - 10/18/2022

The topic of what to do with Interstate 794 is front and center. An independent group wants your input as consideration is being made to potentially tear it down.


The DOT's already got a study underway for what could be a major overhaul of 794. Some say the highway that's been carrying cars over the lake for 50 years is actually doing the city a disservice.

Some call 794 the freeway to nowhere. Grassroots activists think the freeway built in the 1970s to help connect the suburbs to downtown Milwaukee should be turned into an at-grade boulevard, like this rendering they put together.

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WISN 12 ABC NEWS - 10/18/2022

The grassroots organization Rethink I-794 has been pushing for an at-grade boulevard study for the Interstate 794 corridor.

It is hosting a webinar at 12 p.m. on Wednesday, Oct. 19. to reveal renderings made by area designers who have volunteered to work on the project. 

Rethink I-794 is advocating for reconnecting downtown to the Third Ward, opening land for potential development, creating better walking and biking connections and strengthening the city's tax base.

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ONMILWAUKEE - 10/17/2022

Rethink 794 – which includes local advocates, volunteer professionals, and environmental and transportation advocacy groups – is amping up the discussion of this long-bandied idea now because the corridor is slated to get $300 million in repairs, making it the perfect time for a re-think.

“Sixty years ago, the elevated highway through downtown Milwaukee erased the historic character of the city in the name of progress because it was, at that time, the best intended use of that urban space,” added Xu Zhang, Landscape Architect & Urban Designer at Dover, Kohl & Partners, who created the street-level renderings.  “Now, in this new millennium, is an elevated urban highway the best we can imagine for this prime area? Across the country, efforts to transform interstate highways that have outlived their intended use into walkable neighborhoods have gained momentum and support.

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URBAN MILWAUKEE - 10/17/2022

A new coalition, known as Rethink 794, has a vision to see Interstate 794 in downtown Milwaukee replaced with a boulevard. It’s a proposal the group thinks could save money, grow Milwaukee and better connect the city.

Their proposal, which they’re asking the Wisconsin Department of Transportation (WisDOT) to study, would keep the Hoan Bridge. But the east-west elevated freeway between N. Lincoln Memorial Dr. and N. 6th St. would be replaced with a street-level boulevard. The coalition released renderings Monday of what the reconfigured street could look like, with the Historic Third Ward reconnected to Downtown.\

WTMJ - 09/15/2022

“We’re seeing cities around the country rethinking their downtown highways, turning them into boulevards, spurring development,” said Gregg May, transportation policy director for 1000 Friends of Wisconsin. “In our conversations with the DOT they said they’re going to be looking at a boulevard study. Hopefully we’ll get a shot with [their] engineers.”


There is public backing for replacing the freeway with an at-grade street, said Gregg May, transportation policy director at 1,000 Friends of Wisconsin, which focuses on connections between land use planning, transportation and the environment. "Is an elevated highway the best land use?" asked May, whose professional background is urban planning.

[The] Metropolitan Milwaukee Association of Commerce supports studying a boulevard option for I-794, said President Tim Sheehy..."the context of repurposing what would be high value, developable land for the city," Sheehy said. "Development that would add livability and tax base to land that is roadkill at this point."


1000 Friends of Wisconsin posted on Twitter about that $300 million replacement cost when it became public last December “and it just blew up,” said transportation policy director Gregg May.  He has since helped organize the “Rethink 794 in MKE, Reconnect the Grid!” effort that proposes removing the new and old I-794 bridges roughly from Sixth Street on the west and East Chicago Street on the south, he said. Clybourn Street running through that area could become a two-way boulevard to accommodate the traffic and make the same connection between the remaining Hoan Bridge, and Marquette Interchange to the west, May said.


That would open about 32.5 acres for new development valued at more than $1 billion, according to studies the group has performed with a volunteer broker. “I-794 sits on some of the most valuable real estate in the entire state of Wisconsin,” May said. “Is the best use of this land to have an overbuilt highway that can maybe move people through a minute or two faster?”

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